How to Prevent From Coronavirus
Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is an infectious disease caused by a newly discovered coronavirus.
Most people who fall sick with COVID-19 will experience mild to moderate symptoms and recover without special treatment.
Protect yourself and others from COVID-19
If COVID-19 is spreading in your community, stay safe by taking some simple precautions, such as social distancing, wearing a mask, keeping rooms well ventilated, avoiding crowds, cleaning your hands, and coughing into a bent elbow or tissue.
Here are certain preventions you can take to avoid getting in the trap of this virus:
- Maintain at least a 1-metre distance between yourself and others to reduce your risk of infection when they cough, sneeze or speak.
- Maintain an even greater distance between yourself and others when indoors. The further away, the better.
- Make wearing a mask a normal part of being around other people.
- Clean your hands before you put your mask on, as well as before and after you take it off.
- Make sure it covers both your nose, mouth and chin.
- Regularly and thoroughly clean your hands with an alcohol-based hand rub or wash them with soap and water.
- This eliminates germs including viruses that may be on your hands.
- Avoid touching your eyes, nose and mouth.
- Hands touch many surfaces and can pick up viruses.
- Once contaminated, hands can transfer the virus to your eyes, nose or mouth. From there, the virus can enter your body and infect you.
- Cover your mouth and nose with your bent elbow or tissue when you cough or sneeze. Then dispose of the used tissue immediately into a closed bin and wash your hands.
- By following good ‘respiratory hygiene’, you protect the people around you from viruses, which cause colds, flu and COVID-19.
- Clean and disinfect surfaces frequently especially those which are regularly touched, such as door handles, faucets and phone screens.
- Know the full range of symptoms of COVID-19.
- The most common symptoms of COVID-19 are fever, dry cough, and tiredness.
- Other symptoms that are less common and may affect some patients include loss of taste or smell, aches and pains, headache, sore throat, nasal congestion, red eyes, diarrhoea, or a skin rash.
- Stay home and self-isolate even if you have minor symptoms such as cough, headache, mild fever, until you recover.
- Call your health care provider or hotline for advice. Have someone bring you supplies.
- If you need to leave your house or have someone near you, wear a medical mask to avoid infecting others.
- If you have a fever, cough and difficulty breathing, seek medical attention immediately.
- Call by telephone first, if you can and follow the directions of your local health authority.
- Keep up to date on the latest information from trusted sources, such as WHO or your local and national health authorities.
- Local and national authorities and public health units are best placed to advise on what people in your area should be doing to protect themselves.